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About Intrinsic values

European Social Survey questions on values orientation were used to derive a measure of how far people in a country are oriented towards intrinsic goals which are inherently rewarding and do not depend on external validation and extrinsic goals which, by contrast, are typically pursued as a means to some external reward, for instance financial success, image or popularity/status.

The methodology used to derive this measure is set out in a paper by nef researchers on values and well-being (available here). The indicator is calculated by subtracting the mean of each respondent’s scores on the extrinsic values questions from the mean of their scores on the intrinsic values questions, and converting the results into standardized units.

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